WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The Federal Reserve kept its loose monetary policy intact on Thursday and pledged again to do whatever it can in coming months to sustain a U.S. economic recovery threatened by a spreading coronavirus pandemic and facing uncertainty over a still undecided presidential election.
Results from Tuesday’s presidential vote were still being tabulated in a few key states, though Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden was near the number of electoral votes needed to win the White House.
The U.S. central bank did not speak about the election in a policy statement released after its latest two-day meeting, but Fed Chair Jerome Powell is likely to address any concerns about the weeks ahead in a news conference at 2:30 p.m. EST.
“Economic activity and employment have continued to recover but remain well below their levels at the beginning of the year,” the central bank’s policy-setting Federal Open Market Committee said in a unanimous statement, which left the central bank’s key overnight interest rate unchanged at near zero. “The COVID-19 pandemic is causing tremendous human and economic hardship across the United States and around the world.”
In a statement virtually unchanged from the one issued at its September policy meeting, the Fed repeated its pledge to use its “full range of tools” to support the economy, and promised not to consider raising interest rates until maximum employment had been restored and inflation was heading above its 2% target.
The Fed said it would for now continue buying “at least” $120 billion per month in government bonds, and use its other tools and programs as needed depending on how the economy evolves.
The U.S. employment report for October, due to be released by the Labor Department on Friday, will give the latest glimpse of how quickly the economy is pulling the millions unemployed by the pandemic back into jobs.
But beyond that the Fed will now be waiting to see whether Biden does indeed win the presidency or whether Republican President Donald Trump manages to remain in power, and what either scenario could mean in terms of additional government spending to help those out of work.
“The risks to the economic recovery have increased since the Fed last met in September, with rising coronavirus cases, slower job growth, a lack of new stimulus for consumers and small businesses, and now an unresolved presidential election,” Greg McBride, Bankrate.com’s chief financial analyst, said in an email. “The Fed has done what they can do at this point, despite saying they have a range of tools still available.”
U.S. stocks, up sharply before the Fed’s statement was released, showed little immediate response and remained higher on the day. Yields on U.S. Treasury debt securities were little changed, and the dollar remained softer on the day against a basket of major trading partners’ currencies.
Reporting by Howard Schneider; Editing by Paul Simao